«Golpe de calor: una condición de alta mortalidad»

Nunca está de más prevenir situaciones que pueden ser fatales durante los días calurosos, o de verano. Sobre todo, si dichas medidas son fáciles de implementar.

VILLA ALEMANA.- El «golpe de calor» es una situación que puede llevar a la muerte en pocos minutos. Más aún, si los afectados son niños o adultos mayores; quienes generalmente poseen condiciones fisiológicas o cognitivas que merecen un cuidado especial.

Como medio informativo, consideramos de gran importancia que tanto nuestros lectores como el público general, se informe de la mejor forma posible respecto a cómo prevenir o manejar aquella situación.

A continuación, se entregaran distintas claves para entender, prevenir o manejar el peligroso «golpe de calor».

¿En qué consiste?
Es un trastorno grave, ocasionado por el exceso de calor en el cuerpo, debido a una exposición prolongada a altas temperaturas, radiación solar o esfuerzo físico en dichas condiciones.

El cuerpo puede alcanzas los 40°C o más
Requiere tratamiento de urgencia.
Si no se recibe tratamiento médico, pueden dañarse severamente órganos vitales y/o tejidos: cerebro, el corazón, los riñones y músculos.

El daño empeora cuanto más se retrasa el tratamiento, lo que aumenta el riesgo de sufrir complicaciones graves o la muerte.

Síntomas y signos:
Cefalea (dolor de cabeza). Mareos. Decaimiento. Somnolencia. Hiperventilación (agitación).Oliguria (orinar escasamente). Calambres musculares. Convulsión. Pérdida de conciencia. Taquicardia o palpitaciones (pulso acelerado). Anhidrosis (sudoración escasa). Dermatitis o enrojecimiento de la piel. Reducir la actividad física. Tomar mucha agua o líquidos hidratantes durante el día. Protegerse del sol lo máximo posible. Evitar ingesta de alcohol o bebidas azucaradas. Consumir preferentemente frutas y verduras. Evitar exponerse al sol desde las 11 de la mañana hasta las 17 horas.

¿Cómo prevenirlo?
Nunca dejar a nadie dentro de un automóvil estacionado, sobre todo a niños o ancianos, ya que la temperatura en el automóvil puede elevarse 6,7 °C por cada 10 minutos.
Esta es una causa frecuente de muerte asociada a daño cardiovascular en niños y en adultos mayores.

¿Qué hacer?
1) Llamar a fonos de emergencia: 131 (SAMU), Carabineros (133), Bomberos (132), PDI (134), o a urgencias de su hospital de su localidad, ya que es una «emergencia médica».

2) Resolver factores ambientales: Cambiar las condiciones ambientales. Esto significa llevar a la persona a la sombra o a un ambiente cerrado. Además de quitarle el exceso de ropa y elevar sus piernas.

3) Enfriar rápidamente: enfriar a la persona afectada hasta los 39°C, mediante compresas o paños fríos, en cabeza, cuello, axilas e ingle. Si no se hace, en menos de 2 horas, el riesgo de muerte aumenta en un 70%.

«Golpe de calor: una condición de alta mortalidad» comentarios en «60»

  1. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your
    sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back down the road.

  2. It’s really a nice and helpful piece of info. I’m happy that you
    shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us informed like
    this. Thank you for sharing.

  3. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your website.It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Didyou hire out a designer to create your theme? Fantastic work!

  4. I do consider all the ideas you’ve presented on your post.They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for beginners.May you please prolong them a bit from subsequenttime? Thanks for the post.

  5. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this superb blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and
    adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will share this site with my
    Facebook group. Chat soon!

  6. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I
    find this matter to be actually something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complicated and very broad for me.

    I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to
    get the hang of it!

  7. Amazing! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a totally different subject but it
    has pretty much the same layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!

  8. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I think that you need to write more about this topic,it may not be a taboo subject but usually people do not speak about these issues.To the next! Cheers!!

  9. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not
    seeing very good results. If you know of any please share. Thanks!

  10. Meu esposo e eu amamos seu blog e achamos que
    a maioria dos seus posts são o que procuro. Você aceita escritores convidados
    para escrever o conteúdo para você ? Eu não me importaria de escrever um post
    falando sobre temas você escreve aqui. Mais uma vez, seu site
    é incrível .

  11. Awesome blog! Do you have any helpful hints for
    aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost
    on everything. Would you recommend starting with a
    free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There
    are so many choices out there that I’m totally overwhelmed ..
    Any recommendations? Cheers!

  12. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to mention that
    I have truly loved browsing your weblog posts. After all
    I will be subscribing on your feed and I am hoping you write
    once more soon!

  13. May I simply just say what a comfort to uncover somebody that
    really understands what they’re talking about
    over the internet. You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make
    it important. More and more people must read this
    and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you’re not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

  14. I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my site :).

  15. I haven’t checked in here for a while as I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  16. Normally I do not read post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to take a look at and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very great post.

  17. Hey, you used to write excellent, but the last several posts have been kinda boring… I miss your super writings. Past several posts are just a little bit out of track! come on!

  18. Hey! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  19. I haven’t checked in here for some time since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  20. Enjoyed reading this, very good stuff, thanks . «It is well to remember that the entire universe, with one trifling exception, is composed of others.» by John Andrew Holmes.

  21. I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website :).

  22. I’ve recently started a blog, the information you offer on this website has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. «My dear and old country, here we are once again together faced with a heavy trial.» by Charles De Gaulle.

  23. What i don’t realize is in truth how you’re not really a lot more well-preferred than you might be right now. You’re very intelligent. You recognize thus significantly in terms of this subject, produced me personally imagine it from numerous various angles. Its like women and men are not involved except it is one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs nice. Always take care of it up!

  24. I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my site :).

  25. You have remarked very interesting details ! ps decent website . «High school is closer to the core of the American experience than anything else I can think of.» by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr..

  26. I do trust all the ideas you’ve presented on your post. They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for novices. May just you please lengthen them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  27. This design is incredible! You most certainly know how to keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  28. Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your design. Cheers

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Ir al contenido